What are hammertoes, mallet toes and claw toes? Often the words are used interchangeably to mean an abnormally contracted toe
like the drawing above. Technically speaking, a "hammertoes
" is the name for a toe
that is contracted at the first toe
joint. If it's contracted at the second toe
joint it is called a "mallet toe
". IIf a toe
is contracted at both toe
joints, it is called a "claw toe
". Each of these conditions can be quite uncomfortable and are cosmetically unappealing.
The muscles of each toe
work in pairs. When the toe
muscles get out of balance, a hammer toe
can form. Muscle imbalance puts a lot of pressure on the toe
's tendons and joints. This pressure forces the toe
into a hammerhead shape. How do the toe
muscles get out of balance? There are three main reasons. Your genes, you may have inherited a tendency to develop hammer toes because your foot is slightly unstable - such as a flat
foot. But high-arched feet can also get hammer toes. Arthritis. Injury to the toe
: ill-fitting shoes are the main culprits of this cause. If shoes are too tight, too short, or too pointy, they push the toes out of balance. Pointy, high-heeled shoes put particularly severe pressure on the toes.
The middle joint of the toe
is bent. The end part of the toe
bends down into a claw-like deformity. At first, you may be able to move and straighten the toe
. Over time, you will no longer be able to move the toe
. It will be painful. A corn often forms on the top of the toe
. A callus is found on the sole
of the foot. Walking or wearing shoes can be painful.
Hammertoes are progressive, they don?t go away by themselves and usually they will get worse over time. However, not all cases are alike, some hammertoes progress more rapidly than others. Once your foot and ankle surgeon has evaluated your hammertoes, a treatment plan can be developed that is suited to your needs.
Non Surgical Treatment
Hammer toes may be effectively corrected in different ways. Treatments can be non-invasive and involve physical therapy along with the advice that the person not wear any more shoes that restrict appropriate space for their toes. Appropriate shoes for people who want to avoid hammer toes, or for people who already have them, should be at least half an inch longer than the person's longest toe
. High-heeled shoes are something
to definitely avoid.
The technique the surgeon applies during the surgery depends on how much flexibility the person's affected toes still retain. If some flexibility has still been preserved in their affected toes, the hammer toes might be corrected through making a small incision into the toe
so the surgeon can manipulate the tendon that is forcing the person's toes into a curved position. If, however, the person's hammertoes
toes have become completely rigid, the surgeon might have to do more than re-aligning the person's tendons. Some pieces of bone may have to be removed so the person's toe
has the ability to straighten out. If this is the case, some pins are attached onto the person's foot afterwards to fix their bones
into place while the injured tissue heals. Following the surgical procedure, the person might have to deal with some stiffness and swelling as they pursue their recovery process. The person should also expect the toes that have been corrected to appear different following the surgery. For example; the person's toes may appear longer or shorter than they were before. The person will be advised not to pursue too much physical activity that involves their feet for some time to give their injury from surgery enough time to heal properly.
Good circulation is essential. When you're sitting down, put your feet up. If you've been sitting for a while, stretch your legs and feet. Give yourself a foot massage or trade foot massages with someone you love. A warm foot bath is also a good idea. Most people have one foot that's bigger than the other. Fit your shoes to the bigger foot. Buy shoes at the end of the day, as feet tend
to swell a bit and you will get a better sense of fit. When buying shoes, wear the socks that you will be using when wearing that shoe. For example, wear an athletic sock when buying athletic shoes and a dress sock when purchasing dress shoes. If the shoe does not feel good at the time of purchase, then it will never feel good.